Being able to tell whether or not a person has HIV or AIDS isn’t very difficult. It is really essential to get a diagnosis early on so that treatment can begin and therefore, the outcome is better.
Since having HIV or AIDS is highly stigmatizing, the testing for either can be done discreetly and on a confidential basis. They keep the record private when a fee is paid. The result you get then is between you and the doctor only. If you are too embarrassed to have your name linked at all, then you can have an anonymous test. This is done using an alias, or by codes using numbers and letters. Anonymous testing is often done through organizations that help those with HIV or AIDS.
One of the ways to test someone for HIV/AIDS virus is through their saliva. Saliva itself carries small amounts of blood, and blood that carries the HIV virus, the test should show a positive result.
In diagnosing definitively for AIDS, there are blood tests that will show this virus with absolute certainty. These tests that can be taken by your doctor through the lab are:
- The blood test which looks for CD4 cells in blood. The CD4 cells have a lot to do with the immune system, which becomes weaker with HIV and AIDS. If you are having one of the two viruses, there will be a great loss of these CD4 cells in your blood, which is under the 200 cells per a cubic centimeter. The lower these CD4 cells keep going under 200, the sicker the person is, and showing symptoms of very low immune system functions such as catching colds more frequently, and other types of flus and viruses. People are at a higher risk for pneumonias and other respiratory problems the lower the immune system level steps down as CD4 cells continue their decline .Any personwho is negative for either HIV or AIDS virus will have their CD4 levels at about 1,000 measured in cubic centimeters. The HIV virus and AIDS likes to attack those CD4 cells.
- Another important diagnostic tool for AIDS is the viral load blood testing. The viral load blood test can pick up on a small amount of particles that have virus in the blood. The end result tells the doctor how well your body is dealing with the HIV virus. A result that displays 55,000 or better per milliliter means that your body is very unwell in fighting HIV. A load that is significantly under the 55,000 mark tells the doctor that your HIV is being kept in check. This test is the deciding factor for the doctor to monitor your HIV/AIDS status, and will let he or she know when it is time to either start or upgrade your treatment levels.
Anyone with HIV or AIDS viruses need to watch their conditions carefully, take all medications prescribed, and see their doctor on a steady regular basis every 3 months or more. Doing this will ensure a longer life.